Études et rapports

LA COMMUNAUTÉ D’AFRIQUE DE L’EST, POURQUOI CE TEMPS EST DIFFERENT

Ethan B. Kapstein

INSEAD et Center for Global Development mai 2010

Abstrait

L’émergence de la «nouvelle» East African Community (EAC) depuis 1999 a été généralement salué par les observateurs avec ce qui pourrait être décrit comme un «optimisme prudent» (Goldstein et Ndung’u 2001; Streatfield 2003). D’une part, l’optimisme semble justifié parce que l’EAC reflète un consensus de bienvenue de la part des dirigeants de la région que le commerce et les investissements du secteur privé sont des intrants essentiels à la croissance et le développement durable; mais de l’autre, une certaine prudence en ce qui concerne ce qu’il faut attendre de l’EAC est guère surprenant, que l’effondrement en 1977 d’un effort plus tôt à l’intégration régionale suggère que la route est tout sauf straight-forward, avec de nombreux obstacles restants qui doivent être surmontés .

Dans cet article, je soutiens que la région a changé le long de chacune de ces trois dimensions depuis la fin des années 1970, ce qui signifie que les efforts actuels d’intégration régionale sont menées en vertu d’un ensemble très différent de circonstances politiques et économiques. En termes de l’argument relatif à l’échelle, la croissance rapide de l’Ouganda et de la Tanzanie par rapport au Kenya au cours des dix ou vingt dernières années n’a pas seulement réduit l’écart entre eux et leur grand voisin, mais il a donné ces confiance des nations plus petites dans leur compétitivité capacités, à nouveau révélant que «petit peut être belle » quand il vient à 2. croissance économique sur le plan politique, les trois pays sont beaucoup plus proches politiquement que ce qu’ils étaient il y a trente ans sur des points importants. Enfin, les changements dans les structures économiques de ces pays, associée à une classe moyenne grandissante qui a la demande de produits de plus en plus sophistiqués, donnent à penser que les avantages du commerce peuvent être beaucoup plus grande que dans les premiers temps, lorsque les structures des produits de base de tous ces pays est principalement agricole.

lien d’étude:  

+213-21-966666 / +213-21-967777


Miser sur l’impact social et économique de l’Afrique Standard Chartered

 

Abstrait

Tous les yeux sont rivés sur l’Afrique. Au cours de la dernière décennie, le continent n’a cessé de croître plus vite que le monde dans son ensemble. Et contrairement à booms axée sur les ressources précédentes, cette fois le succès de l’Afrique repose sur des bases qui devrait être durable à long terme. Une nouvelle et confiant classe moyenne africaine est en train d’émerger, et le commerce est en pleine expansion, notamment en Asie. Pendant ce temps, l’Afrique est leapfrogging vieilles technologies et d’embrasser la révolution numérique, le leader mondial dans les innovations telles que les paiements mobiles. A travers l’Afrique, les possibilités sont convaincants. Pourtant, il serait faux de nier les défis – sociaux, politiques et économiques – qui font face au continent. Malgré la performance forte de l’Afrique, la pauvreté et les inégalités de revenus continuent d’être des défis importants. La création d’emplois ne suit pas le rythme de la croissance démographique rapide du continent. Le manque d’investissement dans l’infrastructure a laissé une grande partie de l’Afrique sub-saharienne avec une alimentation insuffisante et peu fiable, ce qui entrave la croissance à long terme
.

La poverty de Les Essentiels de emplois et Fils Verser le Développement Dans les économies favoriser réel. Et la banque joue le rôle de l’ONU de Dans la création d’emplois IMPORTANTES. emploi Les Banques de Carburant en fournissant des Crédits et Autres services financiers Qui aident les Entreprises mis en place, le commerce et l’Elargissement – et en Travaillant Avec Les gouvernements Versent eliminer les obstacles à l’activité économique.

Nous avons commandé cette étude indépendante pour mesurer le rôle de Standard Chartered, et des services bancaires plus largement, dans la création de commerce, la croissance et l’emploi à travers l’Afrique, et de découvrir ce que nous pouvons faire mieux.

+213-21-966666 / +213-21-967777

lien d’étude: 

Activities of Africa 2016 forum

Saturday, February 20, 2016

Activities of Africa 2016 forum launched on Saturday February 20, 2016, organized by Egypt in cooperation with COMESA in Sharm el Sheikh under the auspices of the African Union Commission and in the presence of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.

Sisi’s inauguration speech

President Sisi delivered a speech at the inauguration of the trade and investment forum in Africa where he stressed that the achievement of development is the main challenge that requires improving mechanisms of common African efforts and adopting regional integration, especially in the light of the close linkage between Africa’s economic development requirements and the need to implement giant regional projects in various domains, including infrastructure, as well as boosting the competitive abilities of national markets in a way to attract more investments and get access to international markets taking into consideration the increasing challenges faced by world economy. Sisi urged African leaders and international business communities and partners to work for launching several development projects and initiatives within a framework that could strike a balance between the legitimate aspirations of the peoples for a better future and those of development partners for profits.

Sisi meets with COMESA chief

President Abdel Fattah El Sisi met on Saturday with Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) Secretary-General Sindiso Ngwenya on the sidelines of Africa 2016 Forum, now in session in the Egyptian resort of Sharm el Sheikh. Attending the meeting were the ministers of foreign affairs, investment, international cooperation and trade and industry. President Sisi praised efforts made by COMESA to achieve cooperation and regional integration in Africa, Presidential Spokesman Alaa Yousef said. The president pointed out to Egypt’s support for COMESA’s activities in the regional and international forums. He expressed his appreciation for COMESA’s participation in following up Egypt’s parliamentary elections. For his part, Ngwenya expressed his appreciation for president Sisi’s effort to back development efforts in Africa and promote trade and investment ties among its countries. He said that Egypt has become Africa’s political and economic capital in light of its hosting to a number of important African events. He also praised president Sisi’s efforts for defending the interests of Africa especially regarding the climate change efforts. Talks also tackled means of boosting cooperation between Egypt and COMESA especially in light of the mega projects Egypt is currently implementing topped by developing the Suez Canal axis. The two sides also discussed cooperation projects in the field of infrastructure and food security, in addition to establishing a navigational route that connects Lake Victoria and the Mediterranean.

Sisi meets with Equatorial Guinea President

President Abdel Fattah El Sisi on Saturday 20/2/2016 met with Equatorial Guinea President Obiang Nguema Mbasogo on the sidelines of the African 2016 forum, currently in session in Sharm el Sheikh. Presidential Spokesman Ambassador Alaa Youssef said President Sisi welcomed friendly relations binding the two countries, highlighting the importance of pushing them ahead in all domains for the best interest of the two peoples. Sisi praised the economic development efforts in Equatorial Guinea, voicing Cairo’s readiness to present necessary support for such efforts through the programs of Egypt Agency of Partnership for Development as well as the Egyptian companies that could contribute to projects in Guinea. Nguema, for his part, voiced his appreciation for Egypt over organizing the forum, praising Egypt’s major role in Africa and its efforts to achieve development in the African continent. He also praised the positive contribution of Egyptian companies operating in Guinea, highlighting the need for further developing cooperation in all domains, especially trade exchange and implementation of joint projects in the coming phase.

Sisi meets with Nigerian President

President Abdel Fatah El Sisi on Saturday 20/2/2016 conferred with his Nigerian counterpart Muhammadu Buhari on current regional challenges in Africa, developments in Libya and spread of terrorist groups in the region. Presidential Spokesman Ambassador Alaa Youssef said Sisi welcomed the participation of the Nigerian president in the forum and praised the distinguished relations binding the two countries. Sisi also highlighted the importance of bolstering cooperation and activating trade exchange to achieve mutual interests. Buhari, for his part, asserted his country’s support for Egyptian efforts to push ahead the development march, trade and investment in Africa. He highly appreciated the support given by Egypt to his country, especially in the fields of culture and education.

Sisi meets with Chairman of Aga Khan Development Network

President Abdel Fattah El Sisi met on Saturday 20/2/2016 with Aga Khan, the Chairman of the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN), on the sidelines of the Africa 2016 investment forum in Sharm el Sheikh, Presidential Spokesman Alaa Youssef said. Sisi hailed the positive role played the AKDN which – he considered – as an example of non-governmental organizations contributing to development in the society and creating jobs. The president hailed the AKDN foundation’s efforts in Egypt, especially in the childhood development projects. Aga Khan said he is looking forward to boosting the foundation’s activities in various Egyptian cities, referring to the foundation’s projects in Aswan. He added that the foundation plans to finance more projects for the needy segments, especially in the health and educational sectors.

Sisi meets with African Development Bank (AFDB) chief

President Abdel Fattah El Sisi met on Saturday 20/2/2016 with chief of the African Development Bank (AFDB) Akinwumi Adesina, on the sidelines of the Africa 2016 investment forum in Sharm el Sheikh. Sisi lauded cooperation between Egypt and the bank, Presidential Spokesman Alaa Yousef said. Sisi urged expanding cooperation to include the sectors of agriculture and food security as well as supporting small and medium sized enterprises. The president also stressed the importance of following up an agreement reached during a visit by a bank delegation to Cairo last week to discuss financing joint projects carried out by Egypt and other African countries.
For his part, Adesina praised the progress achieved in Egypt at the level of economic performance, pointing out to the economic reform measures taken by the Egyptian government.

Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia tripartite committee

The leaders of Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia met on Saturday 20/2/2016 in the Red Sea resort city of Sharm el Sheikh where they discussed means of boosting cooperation that is based on trust and mutual respect. The meeting, held on the sidelines of the Africa 2016 investment forum, was chaired by Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi and attended by Sudanese President Omar Bashir and Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn. Presidential Spokesman Alaa Yousef said the meeting reviewed ways of bolstering relations among the three countries. Yousef said it also tackled the latest developments in Africa and coordination of efforts to combat terrorism and extremism. The three leaders also agreed to establish a joint finance fund to carry out development projects in the three countries, according to a final statement issued at the end of the meeting.

Trade minister: Enhancing commercial ties with Africa

Trade and Industry Minister Tarek Qabil announced on Saturday that a comprehensive plan to promote commercial and economic relations with the African countries has been prepared. The African market is one of the priorities of the Egyptian external trade policy, he noted, adding that his ministry seeks establishing strong ties with different countries of the African continent which would have a positive impact on investments. In statements on the sidelines of the Africa investment forum, Qabil underlined that the Egyptian Cabinet is keen on promoting cooperation with other African nations via inking agreements to increase trade exchange. The minister reiterated that Egypt will participate in the Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) negotiations that will kick off on Monday and will last for five days in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa. It aims at establishing a free trade zone between COMESA-SADC-EAC.

Investment min: African economic indicators are positive

Investment Minister Ashraf Salman said Saturday that the economic indicators of the African states show strong opportunities for growth over the coming 30 years. He asserted the importance of economic integration and cooperation along with specifying aspects of strength and working together towards growth and seizing the available opportunities, especially in light of the slow economic growth in the world. The remarks were made during a session held under the rubric “Egypt: main partner in business and trade with African countries” in the presence of Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry on the sidelines of Africa investment forum in Sharm el Sheikh. The Egyptian government has taken several steps to improve the Egyptian business environment, boost economic opening and improve the infrastructure necessary for starting business, Salman said.

PM meets COMESA chief

Prime Minister Sherif Ismail met on Saturday 20/2/2016 with Sindiso Ngwenya, the chief of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) on the sidelines of Africa 2016 investment forum in Sharm el Sheikh. Ismail reiterated Egypt’s interest to establish a shipping route between Victoria Lake and the Mediterranean via the River Nile, Cabinet Spokesman Hossam el Qawish said. Cairo is ready to offer its expertise to implement the project, Ismail noted at the meeting. He voiced hope that COMESA would play a role in promoting the proposal, according to the spokesman.

+213-21-966666 / +213-21-967777

 Date of publication:Monday, 22 February 2016

pdf
pdf
pdf